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Cancer therapy lexicon


A (3) B (7) C (12) E (2) G (1) H (2) I (4) L (4) M (5) N (2) O (7) P (13) Q (1) R (11) S (6) T (6) U (1) V (2) W (2) X (1)


Benign tumor characterized by irregular glandlike structures or spaces lined or associated with vacuolated mesotheliumlike cells. Benign tumor can appear in any part of the body without causing any problems, they have no tendency to grow or spread to other parts of the body. They can be removed or left. They do not invade or destroy surroundings tissues.  

Biopsy is a surgical treatment for obtaining a specimen of tissue from the living body for diagnosis a suspicious area by pathologists with microscopic examination. A biopsy diagnosis can give the correct treatment planning.

Bladder cancer forms in tissues of the bladder. Bladder cancer is the fourth most common cancer in men. The average age at the time of diagnosis is 73. 

Blood tests, tumor markers
Chemicals in the blood, produced by certain cancer. Measuring the markers is useful for diagnosis (may also detect tiny cancers, for exemple PSA-prostate cancer) and following the course of treatment. 
Bone Cancer-Soft tissue and bone sarcoma

Bone cancer is a malignant tumor that arises from the cells that make up the bones of the body. This is also known as primary bone cancer. Primary bone tumors are tumors that arise in the bone tissue itself, and they may be benign or malignant (bone cancer). Benign (non-cancerous) tumors in the bones are more common than bone cancers.

Primary bone cancer is cancer that forms in cells of the bone. Some types of primary bone cancer are osteosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma, malignant fibrous histiocytoma, and chondrosarcoma. Secondary bone cancer is cancer that spreads to the bone from another part of the body (such as the prostate, breast, or lung).
Brain tumors
Brain tumors is the growth of abnormal cells in the tissues of the brain. Brain tumors can be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer). Brain tumor compresses and displaces normal brain tissue. Brain tumor is the second most common type of cancer in children. 

Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women. It may be several years before a lump appears. It has no definite cause. The genetic factors, personal history and diet all can play a role.